A Comparison of Various Waste Disposal Methods

Garbage can lined upMost industrialized states are struggling with the issue of safe and expeditious waste disposal. This is because, toxic, non-biodegradable waste has the potential to cause irreparable damage to both human health and the environment if not properly disposed of. For example, in 2006, a Singaporean oil shipping company offloaded toxic waste to waste handling company on the Ivory Coast. The company dumped the waste with little regard to safe disposal, which led to the death of 17 and 30,000 injured.

The growth in industrialization and population has become the major contributor to waste generation, which makes accidents like the 2006 Ivory Coast incident more likely. This has led to strict environmental regulation on both federal and state levels, and the increased popularity of specialized environmental services companies like Enviro Care Inc. There have also been many advancements made on several fronts for manageable waste disposal methods. Here we compare three effective waste disposal methods applied by hazardous waste disposal companies in the US.

Sanitary Landfill

This procedure involves disposing of waste by dumping it into a landfill. A landfill is prepared by applying a protective lining which creates a barrier between the groundwater and the waste being disposed, thus preventing the entry of toxic chemicals in the water zone. The waste is then compacted and covered with a layer of non-porous soil to prevent the possibility of accidental leaks of toxic elements.

This more passive method of waste disposal lets the waste degrade over time. While this method may have sufficed in years past, the sheer volume of waste produced every year, compared to the rate of decay, has made this method less and less sustainable.

Incineration

This method features the combustion of waste elements which transforms them to their base components. In the past, this method was not used much due to the pollution it caused. However, modern-day incinerators have tightly-controlled heating as well as filters that limit the production of pollution. This method destroys the waste products by up to 90%, making it effective for hazardous materials.

As an added advantage, the energy formed during the incineration process is extracted to be used for supplying power.

Recycling

Still one of the best methods to lessen the environmental impact of waste, here non-toxic waste is transformed into other useful items through industrial processing. Glass, paper, aluminum, and plastics are normally recycled. Plastic in particular is ideal for recycling, as the material does not degrade naturally. It is more efficient, then, to instead find another use for plastic instead of having it build up in the environment.

As the world deals with the effects of the environmental impact of human activity, people have become more conscious about how our garbage is handled and disposed of. This makes finding safe, new, effective and efficient methods of collection, transportation and disposal even more important.